Treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents
According to many authors, the safety of the use of stimulant medications has been confirmed jointly or separately with behavioral therapy. These methods are much more effective than symptomatic treatment of ADHD. This improves the organization of the child and the relationship with others.
In the early school age, two main strategies are successfully applied. The first – the intake of drugs in strict order under strict control. The second is a combination of drugs and behavioral therapy. Both methods proved to be effective in 90%.
In the treatment of children and adolescents, multifacetedness is most effective. Treatment is the best complementary elements.
Treatment consists of the following components:
- Education about the diagnosis and treatment of a child, his parents.
- Medication for ADHD.
- Behavioral therapy.
- Teaching teachers.
- Encourage educators.
Medications for the treatment of ADHD in children
In the primary treatment of ADHD, two main groups of drugs are used: stimulants and antidepressants.
Psychostimulants are used in all cases. The stimulants include methylphenidates (Metadine, Ritalin, Concert) and amphetamines (Adderal, Dextrostat, Dexedrine).
Not so long ago, a new non-stimulating drug was introduced with an action similar to stimulants – atomoxetine or Stratter. The effect of the drug is associated with the effect on nerve impulses, norepinephrine. Plus atomoxetine is that taking the drug can not be controlled, because the addictive is minimal.
Stratter, in addition, does not cause many side effects, characteristic of stimulants. Another new drug, Vivans, also showed its effectiveness.
Antidepressants neutralize the manifestation of the main characteristic symptoms of ADHD – inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. This group of drugs is reserved and is used when ineffectiveness or side effect of stimulants.
By the mechanism of action, several groups of antidepressants are isolated.
Tricyclic antidepressants give good effect in adults and children. Another advantage of this group is the relative cheapness of the drugs. At the same time, side effects are frequent in the form of dry mouth, constipation, urinary disorders. The group contains preparations: Pamelor, Tofranil, Aventil, Pertrofran, Norpramin, Wellbutrin.
Wellbutrin is most effective among tricyclic antidepressants, it is used in the treatment of adults and children. Usually the drug is well tolerated. Rarely there are side effects – headaches, anxiety. According to observations, the antidepressant Wellbutrin works very well, especially after psychostimulants in case of addiction or abuse.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The tested preparations of the group are Zoloft, Lexapro.
Antidepressants of the new generation, increasing the content of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. The main representatives are the Effector, the XR Effector. The positive effect of these drugs is to improve mood, as well as increase the ability to concentrate. This group of drugs is used in adults, children and adolescents.
How to buy Wellbutrin SR (Bupropion)
Control of the clinical manifestations of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity allows treatment. An integrated approach to the therapy of ADHD significantly improves social adaptation and various human activities.